No one is sure when large scale quantum cryptography will be available, but when it does, our current systems of encryption will be insufficient to protect data. Several initiatives have been launched to protect data that is being generated and stored today from the prying quantum eyes of tomorrow.
For centuries, assistants to mathematicians performed some of the grunt work of the calculations required for their work. This work became obsolete when digital computers replaced their jobs in the mid-twentieth century. But because of their math skills, human computers often turned into the first programmers.